Automated Market Makers

What are Automated Market Makers (AMMs)?

Automated Market Makers (AMMs) are a type of decentralized exchange that uses mathematical formulas to price assets. Instead of using a traditional order book like conventional exchanges, AMMs utilize pools where assets are priced according to a predetermined formula.

Core Principles

  1. Liquidity Pools: Replace traditional . Users add assets to these pools, providing liquidity for others to trade against.
  2. Pricing : Uses formulas such as the Constant Product Market Maker model (x * y = k) to determine prices.
  3. Decentralization: Operate on blockchain networks, facilitating and permissionless trading.


  • Swaps: Users can trade directly from their wallets, swapping one token for another based on available liquidity.
  • Liquidity Provision: Users deposit assets into pools, receiving (LP) tokens as a representation of their share.
  • Fee Distribution: Transaction fees are distributed to liquidity providers, incentivizing them to add liquidity to the pool.


  • Accessibility: Available to anyone with a crypto , without the need for traditional brokerage accounts.
  • Reduced : Large liquidity pools can offer lower slippage on trades.
  • Continuous Liquidity: As long as there is liquidity in the pool, trades can happen at any time.


  • : Occurs when the price of deposited assets changes compared to when they were deposited into the pool.
  • Smart Contract Risk: Vulnerability to bugs or exploits in the AMM protocol.
  • Concentration of Liquidity: Dependence on users to provide liquidity can lead to concentration in popular pools.

AMMs represent a significant shift in the exchange landscape, offering a decentralized and automated trading solution. They play a vital role in the DeFi ecosystem by enabling efficient and fluid token exchange.